Stone masonry or stone masonry is the production of dwellings, structures, and sculptures especially with stone as the main material used. It is also one of the oldest professions and activities in human civilization. The use of these materials have been found from the early times up to the 19th century. This art form has been adopted by countries such as France, Italy, Spain, China, Tibet, Nepal, Russia, Turkey, Egypt, Israel, United States, Bulgaria, Poland, Germany and others. The main purpose of making masonry materials is to build durable and strong structures.
Why Should You Use Stone Masonry?
A big benefit of stone masonry is its strong resistance against any natural calamities. It is resistant to both heat and water and can be built both on the ground or on a building. The stones are usually arranged into uniform thickness, the spacing between the stones are less than a few millimeters, and neither undressed or dressed stones are used in stone masonry. The use of these stones are as important as they are to the outcome of the structure. For instance, the bricks or blocks are built using undressed stones; on the other hand, the concrete foundation is dressed stones. On the other hand, when talking about concrete foundations, you should know that the bricks or blocks are fitted together with plaster or cement.
There are different techniques used for making stone masonry and these include wet stone masonry, dry masonry, precast, cavity wall, dry poured, panelized, pressed slabs, fireplaces, cold and hot working, stucco, sandstone and marble brickwork, decorative concrete and glazed masonry. The basic materials used in stone masonry are terracotta, block and bitumen, gypsum, marble, limestone, clay and sandstone, quartzite, quartz, soapstone, and granite. To construct a masonry building, you need to consider the site, budget, and your requirements. It is best to get some professional opinions before getting started. To know more about stone masonry benefits and limitations, visit the websites of Stone Federation of America, Inc.